COLLEGIUM
PRIMÆ PHILOSOPHIÆ
IN URBE

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Founded in Rome, on 28 January 2015, PRIMA PHILOSOPHIA is a philosophical institution for international co-operation.

Overview

Approach

Interdisciplinary co-operation on the field of philosophy with:

Projects

In the beginning of the third millennium philosophy is threatened foremost by two positions: culturalism and naturalism.
  1. Culturalism (e.g. Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, Roland Barthes, Jacques Lacan) starts with the fascinating insights of the humanities and then denies the existence of a form of rationality which is culture-invariant. But obviously this dissolution of the form of rationality has two deficiencies:
    1. On one hand it is contradictory: the assertion of the relativeness of rationality cannot be relative, but claims an absolute certitude for itself.
    2. On the other hand it is autophagic: if all reasoning was only a cultural construction, man himself would disappear as an object of reasoning.
    3. However: Culturalism is right: Obviously rationality is put into effect in various culturally differing forms. How could it thus be possible to determinate – without a dissolution of the form of rationality – a form of rationality which is culturally invariant? This question has to be answered in a phenomenology of rationality: the subject of philosophy is the rational discussion of rationality. This requires an amplified historical investigation of forms of rationality in eschatology, ways of atonement, religious orders, in ethics, military science, school systems, in social philosophy, banking and concepts of education. In doing so the project of a phenomenology of rationality itself has to be located in this spectrum of rationality.
  2. Naturalism (for instancee.g. Richard Dawkins, Christopher Hitchens, Sam Harris, Daniel Dennett) starts with the fascinating insights of scientific results and then denies the existence of a nature-transcendent content of rationality. But obviously this restriction of the content of rationality has two deficiencies:
    1. On one hand it is contradictory: the rejection of a non-scientific rationality cannot be justified scientifically, but is only a metaphysical assertion.
    2. On the other hand it is autophagic: if all reasoning was only a natural process, man himself would disappear as a subject of reasoning.
    3. However: Naturalism is right: Obviously rationality has a prominent place in sciences. How could it be possible to obtain – without restriction of the content of rationality – a nature-transcendent content of rationality? This question has to be answered in an investigation on logic and ontology: Usually neither logic is described without ontological presuppositions nor ontology is described in a sufficient correlation to logic. Logic and ontology should be discussed under syntactic, semantic and pragmatic points of view instead, on one hand avoiding ontological assertions – that are usually set whilst unfolding logic- and on the other hand taking into account logic correlations that are usually unused whilst developing ontology.

Completed Projects

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Current Projects

Intended Projects

Further Information

Founder Members

Further members have since joined through co-optation. Starting with the project on logic and ontology, participation will become more open, flexible and transparent.

Links

Contact

 
Collegium Primae Philosophiae in Urbe
Via Panisperna, 90
00184 Roma RM
Italia
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